Javier Martinez-Picado is ICREA Research Professor at the AIDS Research Institute (IrsiCaixa) in Barcelona, an institution that works to advance clinical research and translate results into patients care. He is also associate professor at the Autonomous University of Barcelona and at the University of Vic. He received his PhD from the University of Barcelona where he subsequently became associated professor lecturing on different microbiology-related subjects. In 1996, he joined the Massachusetts General Hospital as postdoctoral fellow of Harvard Medical School, where he engaged in AIDS research. In 2000, he obtained a position as biomedical researcher of the Spanish Health Department appointed to the Hospital “Germans Trias i Pujol” in Badalona (Barcelona). The research programmes he is leading focus on understanding how HIV causes disease in recently infected people, exploring the best antiretroviral treatment strategies, fighting drug resistance, and collaborating on global HIV/AIDS vaccine development projects. Dr. Martinez- Picado serves on different government, academic and industry advisory boards and has published extensively on HIV treatment strategies and HIV pathogenesis in international journals.